With the advancement of medicine, the development of medical devices will be more in line with human needs and serve humanity. In the future, medical devices are not only innovative, but also convenient, fast and efficient. The following is an inventory of the future sales or the top ten medical devices.
Coronary heart disease is an extremely dangerous cardiovascular disease recognized by the clinical medical community. In the past, this disease was basically drug-free and the patient could only be resigned. However, the implanted vascular stent invented in the late 1980s completely changed the coronary heart disease. Treatment mode. The first generation of vascular stents were woven from titanium-nickel wire, which was inserted into a severely blocked artery through a compression balloon to expand the blood vessels and restore blood flow.
The invention of this new product has saved countless patients with coronary heart disease. In the past 10 years, Western manufacturers have successively developed drug-coated vascular stents (second-generation stent products) that prevent "vascular restenosis" and "absorbable stents" made of special polymer materials. Three generations of stents, as well as a variety of stents for cerebral aneurysms and stents for abdominal aneurysms, have greatly expanded the clinical use of vascular stents.
Endoscopy is currently the most widely used medical device in the clinical medicine industry. There are many different types of products, such as laparoscopy, laryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, hysteroscopy, gastroscope, colonoscopy, and cystoscopy. With the continuous development of laser and optical fiber technology, endoscopes can not only help doctors diagnose the disease correctly, but more importantly, the micro-scalpel scissors attached to them can enable doctors to perform some surgical procedures for removing the lesions, such as removing the large intestine. Polyps and so on. This will avoid open surgery and reduce the risk of surgical infection.
In the late 1990s, Israeli scientists invented a new endoscopic product with significant clinical significance - swallowable endoscope (also known as capsule endoscope), which is similar in size to a large capsule. It is a digestive-resistant, fully transparent plastic with a built-in miniature camera. When the patient swallows the capsule, the capsule immediately starts working and the patient's digestive tract is photographed. When the capsule is discharged from the body, the doctor takes the capsule endoscope. The photos are placed on a computer to clearly determine the extent of the disease in the patient's digestive tract and to arrive at the correct clinical conclusion.
Wearable medical device
The rise of wearable medical device products is only a matter of the last decade. The earliest marketable wearable medical device products include: measuring the running/walking distance of people and detecting life data such as heart rate and blood pressure, and monitoring the nighttime sleep condition. These products have become one of the best-selling products in the global market. . In recent years, high sensitivity biosensors, Bluetooth technology and other new technologies have been used.
Western manufacturers have developed new products for medical devices such as heart health monitoring vests and bras that can be worn on the body and measure ECG changes at any time (with the function of preventing sudden death of heart patients). Older people (or young children) are prevented from losing and monitoring their location. Electronic bracelets, (old people accident) fall reminders watches and other new products have also been developed and listed. It is believed that this kind of low-priced popular health care medical device new products will usher in a new wave of sales, and is expected to become one of the best-selling medical device products in the 21st century, and its market growth space is very broad.
3D printing medical equipment
3D printing technology is a brand-new technical concept, which has broad application prospects in the industry. In recent years, foreign manufacturers have successfully applied 3D printing technology to new products such as artificial organs for patients. In September of this year, the US FDA approved the launch of a "compact multi-function dental equipment printer" Objet3.0DenthPrime. The 3D printer is made of medical resin, which can be used for dental patients to customize various dental materials including crowns, bridges, dentures, etc., and can be picked up on the spot, which greatly saves patients from going back and forth. Hospital time. In the future, 3D printers may expand their use and customize implantable prosthesis products such as artificial joints and spine bones for patients. Therefore, 3D printers will have a wide application space in the medical device industry.
The syringe is an old medical device that has been on the market for more than one hundred years. The traditional syringe consists of a needle, a syringe, etc., but because of the product, there are defects such as broken needles, accidental stab wounds of patients or medical personnel, and cross infection, so the injection of drugs becomes one. A dangerous operation. In the past 30 years, foreign manufacturers have developed a variety of needle-free syringes. However, the working principle of the needle-free syringes currently in use uses the principle of â€œhigh-pressure jetâ€ to make the liquid form a fine liquid flow and instantly penetrate the skin. Enter the subcutaneous tissue. Not long ago, researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States developed a new product called "Magnetic Jet-type Needle-Free Syringe", which uses the principle of magnetic ultrasonic to quickly inject the liquid into the skin, thus greatly reducing the pain caused by the injection of the drug solution. The advent of this product will completely change the defects of the old needle-free syringe, and the injection operation is safe and efficient.
The "surgical robot" works by using robots to do precision surgery that is beyond the reach of humans. In 2000, the US FDA approved the listing of the world's first surgical robot system - Da? Finch surgery robot. It can do a variety of fine surgery that is invisible to the naked eye. In fact, surgical robots must still be operated by experienced physicians. The system consists of advanced computers, magnified electronic displays, robotic arms and three-dimensional endoscopes. Surgical robots have become one of the main surgical equipments in hospitals in developed countries in Europe and America. At present, there are three main types of surgical robots on the market: 1. Finch surgical robot; 2. ZENUS surgical robot; 3. AESOP surgical robot. They can perform a variety of fine surgery.
Implantable electronic cochlear implant
"I heard it" is definitely considered to be a fantasy of the Arabian Nights, but in the 21st century, the above-mentioned fantasy has become a reality, mainly due to the advent of the electronic cochlea. The electronic cochlear implant is also called "bionic ear" and consists of complex components such as cochlear implant, vibrating acoustic bridge, bone anchored hearing aid, and auditory brainstem implant electrode. The electronic cochlear implant can be used to correct many different types of deafness symptoms such as conductive deafness, severe or moderate sensorineural deafness and mixed deafness.
At present, there are a variety of implantable electronic cochlear products in the domestic and foreign markets, which are divided into two types: children's electronic cochlea and adult electronic cochlea. The working mechanism of the two is similar, but the structure is slightly different. The artificial ear market is expensive, according to foreign media reports, the current cost of installing a set of artificial ear in the United States is 45,000 ~ 125,000 US dollars. The installation cost of artificial ear in China is more expensive than abroad.
Surgical removal of malignant tumors is the most widely used cancer treatment in the world, but there are some shortcomings in surgical removal of tumors: excessive bleeding, wounds are not easy to heal, and cancerous tissue remains after resection. If a malignant tumor occurs in the brain, it is extremely difficult to perform surgery (carelessness may damage the brain). In the 1990s, foreign manufacturers took the lead in developing a new type of surgical instrument, the Î³-photon knife, which can cure tumors without surgery.
It uses an advanced 3D stereo positioning system to accurately locate tumors, and then uses Î³-photons to instantly kill cancer cells, resulting in a resection similar to a scalpel. More importantly, the use of photon knife to remove malignant tumors will not bleed (laser can make tissue blood coagulation), and does not leave surgical wounds, so it is very beneficial to the rehabilitation of patients. At present, Î³-photon knives have been used to remove lung cancer, deep brain tumors (including hemangioma) and other complex operations, and its efficacy has been widely recognized by the international clinical medical community.
The previous prosthesis was only cosmetically meaningful and had no actual limb function. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have pioneered the development of a new intelligent prosthetic product that uses the weak biocurrents of limb residues to control prosthetic activity. The smart prosthesis can do a variety of tasks, such as lifting heavy objects on the ground, picking up the glass on the table, and even picking up and using the knife and fork.
This is one of the most exciting milestones in the global medical device industry over the past 30 years. This product has been approved for FDA listing. Although there are still some defects in the intelligent prosthesis, it is the first step for the medical device industry to develop and produce intelligent prostheses, so it has great historical significance. It is believed that in the next few years, European and American manufacturers are expected to develop new and more intelligent artificial limb products.
Since the 1990s, digital electronic medical care has become a daily operation in the clinical and medical circles in Europe and the United States and other countries. From electronic medical records to electronic prescriptions, people have become commonplace. Using an intelligent mobile phone and supporting Bluetooth technology, the patient can transmit the ECG data and other various life data monitored by the wearable medical device to the community doctor's computer at any time, so that the latter can make correct changes to the patient's condition. Medical advice.
The more important new advances in e-health technology are the promotion and application of â€œtelemedicine technologyâ€. Through computer networking, even village doctors in very remote rural areas and extremely poor working conditions can get technical guidance from medical experts in urban central hospitals through telemedicine systems, and face-to-face expert consultations on complex conditions. Save the lives of patients and avoid the pain of their long journey to seek medical treatment.
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